Water & Climate Change Practice Framework Assessment: Jordan
According to IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (2013/14) the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is one of the most vulnerable areas due to the impacts of climate change. Water is the primary medium through which climate change influences ecosystems and consequently the livelihood and well-being of societies. Higher temperatures and changes in extreme weather conditions are projected to affect availability and distribution of rainfall, snowmelt, river flows and groundwater, and further deteriorate water quality. The IPCC report also points to the high sensitivity of semi-arid and arid regions to climate considering the already existing water stress driven by growth in urban, industrial and agricultural demands. The panel has also stressed the need for more research in the impact of climate change on water resources, which is being reviewed and addressed by the current assessment report.
The aim of this report is to collect and analyze information about the existing practice framework as well as legal and institutional needs concerning adaptation strategies and measures on climate change and drought issues in Jordan. The report compiled based on interviews (Annex I), a literature review and importantly, the inputs provided by the stakeholders and national experts from Jordan. This report provide a review of previous climate change studies conducted either by the government of Jordan represented by Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Water and Irrigation., or by individual researchers from academic institutions and research centers. In addition it provides the results of previous studies including observed climatic trends and climate change projection for Jordan. Also, this report summarizes the results of vulnerability assessment of the impact of climate change on water resources sector as well as its related sectors such as agricultural and health sectors. Finally, the report presents the gaps in previous studies and the challenges in the future climate change studies.
- Assessment Report CCH: JORDAN
(PDF document, 1.4 MB)