Coordination between Sectors and Stakeholders in the Development of a National Greenhouse Gas Inventory, Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions and Measurement, Reporting and Verification

Countries: Tunisia
Level: National
Region: MENA Region
Tags: Awareness raising | Capacity building & knowledge transfer | Drought Response | Mitigation measure | Planning & Policy
Target audience: Agricultural authorities | Environmental authorities | Farmers | Industry/business | Local government/municipalities | National government | NGOs and CSOs | Regional government | Water companies

This project was implemented in the framework of NAMAs (Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions) with the aim of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and, consequently, to reduce water scarcity and drought. Implementation of the project led to:

  • Capacity building. Partner agency staff attended training courses and information events on the topics of energy balance, measurement, reporting and verification of mitigation measures and the development of greenhouse gas inventories, which provided skills and knowledge necessary to ensure better greenhouse gas management.
  •  Raised awareness among decision makers: This took place across the various ministries and authorities responsible for relevant, high-emissions sectors, such as energy, industry, agriculture and waste management.
  •  National Inventory Working Group: Its establishment contributed to an understanding of the need for more comprehensive emissions data and facilitated stronger sharing of this data. Having key data suppliers and users directly involved ensures better quality of data and fosters greater cross-sectorial understanding.
  •  More comprehensive emissions data: When the NCCS was under development, available data was largely limited to energy and industrial processes, with broader sectorial data unavailable.
  •  Increased engagement from the private sector: Through raising awareness of the need address climate change, key private sector actors have been more engaged and willing to share data.
  •  Increased trust and cross-sectorial understanding: This was developed through combined efforts to collaborate in data sharing and design of mitigation actions.
  • Preparation of the first Biennial Update Report: Improvement in the National Emissions Inventory means Tunisia is now in a strong position to submit Biennial Update Reports.

Results obtained

  • The case demonstrates effective coordination across different ministries relevant for the development of the inventory and Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs). In particular, the coordination of data sharing and dialogue through the working group has ensured that efforts will be informed by reliable data and have improved the measurability and regular tracking of climate mitigation actions.
  • Effective awareness raising around climate change and the involvement of key stakeholders (e.g. the cement sector’s involvement in NAMA development) also promises to stimulate private investment in NAMA activities. The development of NAMAs covers a broad scope (i.e. not just driven by the solar plan within the scope of energy) and proposes a diverse set of interventions across numerous sectors that fit into the existing climate strategy.

Success factors

  •  Collaboration between key sectors, ministries and research institutes, which is essential for developing (and ultimately implementing) effective mitigation action that is well aligned with national priorities.
  •  Sensitising and raising awareness of key stakeholders of the relevance and importance of collaborating on climate mitigation actions (e.g. NAMA), in particular by concentrating on win-win measures to strengthen motivation to engage and collaborate.
  •  Facilitating participation and dialogue (e.g. through regular meetings) to build trust, understanding and enable joint working and data sharing. This requires an investment of time, capacity and clarity around processes such as data collection and use.

Indicators used

  • Participatory approach
  • Collaboration between ministries and sectors
  •  Linking energy and climate issues
  • Knowledge of sectors and data
  • Align climate mitigation actions with other national strategies: (e.g. energy) and priorities to ensure stronger support and buy-in.
  • Build capacity and awareness among key stakeholders to improve cross sectoral/ministerial understanding and trust in collaboration.
  • Implement structures and arrangements to facilitate the effective sharing of data, exchange of knowledge and the development of a sustainable inventory system (e.g. national inventory working group and a data suppliers group).
  • Engage the private sector by investing time to explain benefits, to engage them in the development of mitigation actions (e.g. NAMAs, and to build sufficient trust for the sharing relevant data and collaborating in the development of mitigation planning and implementation.


Torsten Greis, GIZ Tunisia