Adaptation to Climate Change through Improved Water Demand Management in Irrigated Agriculture by Introduction of New Technologies and Best Agricultural Practices

Countries: Jordan | Tunisia
Level: National
Region: MENA Region
Tags: Adaptation measure | Agriculture | Awareness raising | Stakeholder involvement
Target audience: Farmers | Local government/municipalities | National government | Regional government | Scientists | Students/university


The aim of the project is to improve water demand management and ensure water needs of the agricultural sector on a regional scale through increased water-use efficiency, increased use of treated wastewater for irrigated agriculture, and reduced negative environmental impacts, based on technology transfer and training in best agricultural practices that enable adaptation to climate change. This can be achieved through:

  • Water-efficient irrigation system design and operation;
  • Use of treated wastewater, focusing on quality aspects and fertiliser content;
  • Integrated fertilisation and pest management;
  • Crop-specific irrigation and production methods; and
  • Focusing on the ecological aspects of agriculture.

Other project aims were to:

  • Enhance regional and international cooperation between Tunisia, Lebanon, Jordan and Mediterranean countries on water, use of treated wastewater, and environmental issues related to agriculture;
  • Establish a network linking the project partners with stakeholders working in rural development and agriculture, with a focus on treated wastewater usage;
  • Enhance public awareness on water saving, reuse of treated wastewater in agriculture, and other environmental issues;
  • Develop a project website;
  • Disseminate materials related to water saving, reuse of treated wastewater, and environmental issues focusing on different target groups;
  • Invite civil society actors and decision makers to project events (farmers’ field days, seminars, workshops and classes);
  • Prepare publications derived from the project results;
  • Disseminate project results through local and regional print and broadcast media; and
  • Prepare and distribute a final report to all interested stakeholders.

Results obtained

  • 10 training modules developed
  • 90 training events conducted (farmers’ field days, seminars, workshops, classes)
  • 1,500 farmers trained (500 per target country)
  • 90 cooperation agreements signed with farmers’ associations (30 per country)
  • 3 regional workshops conducted
  •  Networking established between the 3 countries and international research institutions
  •  A signed memorandum of understanding on the harmonisation of laws on the use of treated wastewater in agriculture between NCARE and the Lebanese and Tunisian Ministries of Agriculture, based on a common quality index for treated wastewater
  •  Project website established and regularly updated
  •  30 field visits and information sessions for schools, universities, and municipality council members at the pilot sites (10 per country)
  •  3,000 copies of brochures distributed
  •  300 copies of the project’s final report published and delivered
  • General public acceptance of treated wastewater for agricultural use

Success factors

  • One major success factor was enhanced regional and international cooperation between Lebanon, Jordan, Tunisia and Mediterranean countries on water, use of treated wastewater, and environmental issues related to agriculture. This was achieved through the establishment of a network linking the project partners with advanced research institutions, international organisms and agencies, NGOs and private-sector companies working in rural development and agriculture. 
  • The other key factor was enhanced public awareness regarding water saving, the re-use of treated wastewater in agriculture, and environmental issues in Lebanon, Jordan and Tunisia. The public is now generally more accepting of the use of treated wastewater in agricultural production.

Indicators used

  • Institutional capacity
  • Technical know-how
  • Regional and international cooperation
  • Public awareness

Tunisia is an agriculture-based country, and irrigation methods currently in use in the target areas are not efficient (surface, sprinkler irrigation) and often managed in ways that lead to water waste (drip irrigation). This is a project that can be implemented in other countries looking to improve irrigation methods.

Total costs

  • EUR 4,998,952.50

Contact

Barbara Cosentino, ACCBAT Communication Manager
Email: barbara.cosentino@icu.it (or) barbara.cosentino@accbat.eu