Mainstreaming Rio Convention Provisions into National Sectorial Policies (National Drought management strategy for Jordan)

Countries: Jordan
Level: National
Region: MENA Region
Tags: Capacity building & knowledge transfer | Drought Response | Institutional measure | Planning & Policy
Target audience: National government | Water authorities

The goal of mainstreaming the Rio Convention into national sectoral policies is to achieve national socioeconomic priorities through a more effective management of the natural environment. Rio Convention provisions will be mainstreamed into three priority strategies and plans (i.e. the National Rangeland Strategy, National Drought Management Action Plan, and National Energy Efficiency Action Plan) with the aim of strengthening the capacities of national authorities to design and implement policies that are in line with these provisions. This in turn will generate and sustain environmental benefits, while contributing to raising awareness about the benefits the Rio Convention. 

In line with this initiative and the above stated objectives, the Ministry of Water and Irrigation embarked on a three-year, medium-sized GEF-funded and UNDP supported project with the aim of mainstreaming provisions into key national sectoral policies and legislation in Jordan. Under this objective, the project will produce core outputs leading to mainstreaming Rio Convention into three priority strategies, namely the National Drought Strategy and the National Rangeland Strategy, which are under the mandates of the Ministry of Water and Irrigation.

Results obtained

  • Reviewed previous institutional and legal set-ups related to drought management.
  • Created a National Drought Resilience Management Strategy and Action Plan.
  • Established a drought early warning system.
  • Designed and implemented an awareness raising and training programme.

Success factors

  • The project brought together three groups (scientists, technical managers, and high-level decision makers) to work and communicate effectively with each other. A National Drought Committee and task forces were established in the early stages of project implementation, which provided strong support towards achieving the project goals. There was good coordination and collaboration between the targeted ministries and all relevant stakeholders.

Indicators used

  • Formulating a National Drought Steering Committee.
  • Establishing a Drought Management Unit within the Ministry of Water and Irrigation.
  • Creating a drought management strategy.

The project provides a very good and concrete foundation that be replicated and implemented in other small regions (e.g. watersheds, districts and governorates). A clear drought management action plan is a prerequisite for repeating the project in any region, and the action plan should be in line with the National Drought Management Strategy. It is also important to monitor available data and information on all drought indicators (e.g. precipitation, temperature, stream flow, groundwater and lake levels). Sufficient financial resources are, of course, also needed. 

This project builds on the outcomes and results from previous cross-cutting capacity development (CCCD) projects in Jordan, and expert teams that have worked on CCCD projects have been utilised as well. 

The involvement of national stakeholders ensures that the project activities will be replicated, and that public awareness is raised.

Total costs

  • USD 2.3 million


Eng. Ali Ghanim,
Email:, ministry of water and irrigation.