Economic Impact of Agrometeorological Assistance- Cap Bon (Tunisia)

Countries: Tunisia
Level: Local
Region: MENA Region
Tags: Agriculture | Capacity building & knowledge transfer
Target audience: Agricultural authorities | Local government/municipalities | NGOs and CSOs | Scientists | Students/university | Water authorities | Water companies


This agrometeorological assistance project was developed to help farmers in region with operational decision making. Agrometeorological information can play a key role in the good management of water resources, including water-use optimisation for irrigation and for phytosanitary treatment. For several reasons (one of which is the range of variability of high-water-volume users), the Cap Bon region in the north-east of Tunisia was selected as the project pilot site. Ten farmers participated in the project. The farmers worked on areas ranging from 2 to 257 hectares, growing several different crops (e.g. potatoes, grapes, citrus fruits, tomatoes and strawberries).

Agrometeorological information was provided to farmers in reports sent to farmers on a periodic basis—such as once every five days. The reports included daily data on temperature, air humidity and rainfall. The second page of the newsletter was devoted to weather forecasting—mainly two-day or three-day forecasts related to temperature, humidity, wind direction and velocity, rain, extreme weather events, etc. The project also included a training component for farmers and agents of CRDA (Capital Region Development Authority) and UTAP (Tunisian Association for Agriculture and Fishery).

Results obtained

  • Better use of phytosanitary products resulted in recorded daily water savings of 10 percent to 25 percent. The savings are an effective means of adapting to climate-change induced rainfall shortages.

Success factors

  • Excellent collaboration between the National Meteorological Institute (INM) and the CRDA Nabeul, based on a collaboration agreement that defined the obligations of each party (the Governor of Nabeul also contributed support)
  • Involvement of the Tunisian Union of Agriculture and Fisheries (UTAP)
  • Good farmer adherence to jointly agreed objectives, towards which instructive trainings were an important contribution

Indicators used

  • Range of water savings
  • Instructions followed successfully by farmers
  • Number of people trained
  • Successful knowledge transfer through trainings

This project could be duplicated without difficulty in other areas of Tunisia—mainly in areas in the centre of the country where there is an overexploitation of the aquifer.

Total costs

  • 40.000 EUR

Contact:

Samir Gabsi, Commissariat Régional au Développement Agricole (CRDA de Nabeul) (gabsi_sair@yahoo.fr)
Hatem Baccour, Institut National de la Météorologie (INM) (baccour@meteo.tn)

References

  • Baccour, H., Slimani, M. et Cudennec, C., 2012. Structures spatiales de l’évapotranspiration de référence et des variables climatiques corrélées en Tunisie. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 57 (4), 1–12.