Enhancing The Capacity of Turkey to Adapt to Climate Change

Level: National
Region: MENA Region
Tags: Adaptation measure | Agriculture | Capacity building & knowledge transfer | Institutional measure | Planning & Policy | Resilience
Target audience: Agricultural authorities | Environmental authorities | Farmers | Industry/business | Local government/municipalities | National government | NGOs and CSOs | Regional government | Scientists | Students/university | Water authorities | Water companies


This joint programme supported the development of capacity for managing climate change risks to rural and coastal development in Turkey. This was achieved by developing proposals for government consideration on mainstreaming climate change adaptation into the national development framework, building capacity at national and regional institutions, piloting community-based adaptation projects in selected vulnerable coastal areas, and integrating climate change adaptation into the United Nations (UN) programming framework in Turkey. Capacity development took place at the systemic, institutional and individual levels, and was built on existing policy and institutional frameworks in order to promote sustainability.

Joint programme pilot actions served as catalysts for introducing community-based adaptation principles, for building capacity in vulnerable rural regions, and for developing public-private partnerships to mobilise resources for addressing climate change risks and aligning efforts of the UNCT (United Nations Country Team) on the emerging climate change issues, thus providing the UN with an opportunity to demonstrate its capacity to function as “One UN”.

Results obtained

  • Increased capacity of government officials, civil society and universities to make efficient use of current policies and develop new ones in the context of climate change
  • Participatory Vulnerability Analysis workshops held in 11 provinces, and the related methodology disseminated
  • Achievement of water savings for six companies in the Seyhan River Basin
  • Improved capacity of end-users to respond to early warnings
  • Distribution of approximately USD 1.9 million among 18 community-based climate change adaptation projects in the Seyhan River Basin
  • 230 man/days of monitoring field visits
  • First use of an econometric model in presenting the impacts of climate change on animal husbandry
  • Establishment of demonstration irrigation systems on 2,218 hectares of land
  • Identification of future impacts of climate change on water resources, forests, ecosystem services and animal husbandry in the basin

Success factors

  • Key partners played a critical role in utilising their expertise, professionalism, commitment, technical knowledge, flexibility and contacts.
  • Workshops were held in 11 provinces, along with training sessions to raise public awareness on adaptation to climate change.
  • Activities resulted in 800,000 m3 per year in water savings, savings on energy consumption, smaller carbon footprints, increased quality of production, and reduced amounts of waste, wastewater amounts, hazardous chemicals.

Indicators used

  • Number of pilot projects selected and adaptation measures implemented at the local level with a special focus on gender analysis.
  • Number of adaptation measures implemented at the local level with a special focus on gender analysis.
  • Number of workshops executed on adaptation to climate change.
  • Number of workshops conducted on procurement, project implementation cycle.
  • Number of adaptation measures implemented at the local level with a special focus on gender analysis.
  • Number of workshops on best practices implemented locally.
  • Number of experts engaged and trained in climate change adaptation; increase coherence in development of Turkey’s positioning with respect to Climate Change negotiations.
  • High-level government acknowledgement of the adaptation plan developed during this Joint Programme.
  • Business plans developed for an ecoefficiency centre.
  • Number of staff trained in data management that pertains to managing climate risks.
  • Number of references to adaptation to climate change or climate change risks in UN programming framework and projects.
  • Number of staff trained in climate change issue topic.
  • Number of focal points in each relevant agency.
  • Number of priority projects for climate change crosscutting identified and reviewed.
  • Number of tests of screening tools implemented.

The project can be repeated in any country where there are enough qualified people to carry out the programme duties. The project programmes cover a wide technical, economic and social range. The members of cooperating organisations and governments should be responsive to suggestions, instructions and recommendations of the project team. There should be some level of public awareness of the impacts of climate change, as an open willingness of state and administrative authorities to take part in such projects.

Total costs

  • USD 7 million