Strengthening National Capacities to Manage Water Scarcity and Drought in West Asia and North Africa - Project 121C "ROA-207"

Countries: Egypt | Jordan | Tunisia
Level: Regional
Region: MENA Region
Tags: Adaptation measure | Capacity building & knowledge transfer | Drought Response | Institutional measure | Planning & Policy
Target audience: Agricultural authorities | Environmental authorities | Local government/municipalities | National government | NGOs and CSOs | Regional government | Scientists | Students/university


This project was a response to a call for urgent action from the Rio+20 Conference on Sustainable Development to take effective measures to deal with drought and water scarcity, as well as to develop disaster risk reduction and community resilience through such means as technology transfer, capacity building, regional support initiatives and extension training programmes.

 The main activities of the project consisted of the following:

  • Assessment and mapping out existing knowledge and practices, and identification of critical gaps in ex-ante drought management for water-scarce countries in West Asia and North Africa;
  • Conveyance of an expert advisory group meeting to discuss the findings of the analytical report, gather further information, and assess experiences and statuses of methodologies for conflict-sensitive ex-ante drought management for countries in transition in West Asia and North Africa; and
  • Production of a guidelines package on conflict-sensitive, ex-ante water scarcity and drought management strategies for national planners, policymakers and stake-holders, designed to increase the capacity of national planners and policymakers in countries in transition settings in the West Asia and North Africa region, in order to formulate and implement long-term water scarcity and drought management strategies and prevent conflicts associated with water scarcity and drought from escalating into violent confrontation and/or exacerbating conflicts that derive from other sources.

Results obtained

  • Increased awareness and knowledge of tools and methodologies for national planners, policymakers and stakeholders in transition countries to develop conflict-sensitive ex-ante drought management plans.
  • Increased capacity of institutions in project pilot countries in West Asia and North Africa to develop and implement conflict-sensitive ex-ante drought management plans.

Success factors

  • Active participation and commitment of all stakeholders in the project's pilot countries to learn about methods related to drought management.

Indicators used

  • Number of users of tools, techniques and components of ex-ante drought management strategies.
  • Number of users of early warning systems.
  • Number of users of drought vulnerability maps for national planners, policy makers and stakeholders to monitor and forecast weather patterns.
  • Number of national experts in countries in transition settings who can use the tools and techniques to develop conflict-sensitive ex-ante drought management plans.
  • Number of stakeholders participating in the project's pilot countries.
The project can be implemented in water sensitive countries and regions where: 
  • GAP analyses of drought management have been carried out or need updating;
  • Drought and water scarcity management plans have either not been elaborated on a national scale or require updating; and
  • There is a need to reinforce stakeholders’ knowledge on tools, methods and drought management plans.

Total costs

  •  USD 570,000

Contact:

Project Manager:
Sami Areikat
Sustainable Development Officer
Water, Energy and Capacity Development Branch
Division for Sustainable Development, UN -DESA
United Nations, Room S-2651
405 42nd Street
New York, NY 10017
Tel. +1 212-963-7844
Fax. +1 917-367-3391
E-mail: areikat@un.org